Pilot Actions



Cross-border mobility in dual education in the Eurometropolis

EGTC "Eurometropolis Lille-Kortrijk-Tournai"

Belgium - France


Many obstacles were found in terms of cross-border mobility of French and 
Belgian apprentices. In particular, different dual education contract systems and labour agreements linked to different legal statutes of the apprentice lead to an ineffective cross-border cooperation in this matter. 

Proposed Solution: 

Providing a framework agreement feasible for all competent authorities of the territory and implementing a field experiment to test the cross-border apprenticeship contract, allowing 
some apprentices to perform their apprenticeship on both sides of the border. 

To know more click here.


XBORDER-WORK - Tackling administrative issues that hinder free movement of workers 

Regione Friuli Venezia Giulia

Slovenia - Italy


Cross border workers who are residents in one country but live in another have to deal with over taxation and limitations concerning the access of social security benefits. 

Proposed Solution: 

Creating a bilingual form through which the cross-border worker can share data concerning his/her income in one country and report it to the tax authorities and social security services in the other.


To know more click here.


Roadmap for recognition of qualifications for highly demanded professions 

Province of Limburg

Germany - The Netherlands


Procedures concerning recognition of qualifications are often non-transparent, complex and time-consuming. This, discourage the mobility of citizens and prevent the developement of an effective cross-border labour market. 

Proposed Solution: 

Producing  practical documents with the involvement of competent authorities, namely a 
roadmap and a factsheet to provide clear information for the recognition of qualifications concerning highly demanded professions.

To know more click here

Advice Cases


183 days rule obstructing cross-border mobility

Provincie Oost-Vlaanderen



The so-called 183 days rule has both financial and administrative downsides for the employers and the employees working in the North Sea Port. When employees cross the border for more than  183 days a year, they are considered cross-border workers. This results in a confusing double tax declaration and social security contributions.


To know more.


Juridical obstacles in establishment and financing of trans-national business incubator

Lazdijai District Municipality



In the LT and PL legislations, there is no indication on how to proceed for establishing a business incubator to reinforce the cross-border market and employment opportunities. The current practices envisage the principle “what is not allowed is forbidden”, which definitely prevents to undertake further steps towards cooperation.

To know more.



Dutch-German cross-border employment of students originally from outside the EU

The Economic Board Arnhem-Nijmegen



Due to differences in legislation, International students from outside the EU cannot apply for internships and jobs just across the border. This is hampering the implementation of a full CB labour market, especially in sectors where more technical, English-speaking, professionals are needed.

To know more.


Current social and health insurance regulations as problem for borderland inhabitants working on both sides of border at the same time​

Borderland Association "Nasza Suwalszczyzna"


Professionals knowing Polish and Lithuanian usually spend 2-3 days they in one country and rest of the week in the another. However, this leads to overlapping insurance payments by the employers, who have to bear these costs in both countries and that are so prevented to send their employees abroad.

To know more.


Cross-border work for non-EU citizens

Euregio Rhein-Maas-Nord



Non-EU citizens need a variety of permits and need to fulfill different criteria to qualify for cross-border work. As long as the worker has a Schengen permit, he/she would need in addition a work permit. However, since it is the employer who needs to apply for it, most of them shy away from the effort of filing the complex application.

To know more.



Double personality is a single reality: working in Portugal and paying taxes in Spain due to legal and/or administrative impediments

European Grouping of Territorial Cooperation Duero-Douro



The EGTC is located in Spain, therefore, its CIF presents a Spanish format and, as such, Portuguese systems do not recognize it. Hiring workers in Portugal, with the Portuguese social security and quota system is impossible, while doing it through the Spanish system is not attractive to the Portuguese professionals, leading to an unbalance of nationalities within the EGTC.

To know more.

Association of European Border Regions (AEBR)

c/o WeWork 

Neue Schönhauserstraße 3-5

10178 Berlin



+49 30 72 62 19 763

+49 1764 2090 666

  • Facebook B&W
  • Twitter B&W

© 2018 - 2020 Association of European Border Regions